The Asperger’s syndrome it is a pervasive developmental disorder. Often confused with theautism, involves impaired social interactions and repetitive behaviors. However, affected individuals do not experience clinically significant delays in Language and in cognitive development.
Asperger syndrome and autism
Originally described by Hans Asperger in 1944, Asperger’s Syndrome did not receive the attention it deserved until 1994, when theAmerican Psychiatric Association recognized Asperger’s disorder as a specific entity. Recently, Asperger’s Syndrome has been included in the broader category of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In fact, he shares some symptoms with him, which makes diagnosis very difficult.
Initially, the presence of this condition was found only in men. Now, however, even women are victims.
How to recognize the most common symptoms?
Symptoms of autism and those of Asperger’s Syndrome have been occurring sincechildhood. Affected individuals may have varying degrees of impairment in social and behavioral functions, and exhibit unusual and repeated attitudes and limited interests. For example, we tend to have a ‘obsessive attention on a specific topic.
Additionally, a child with Asperger’s syndrome may show little emotion, fail to make eye contact, and dislike changes. Often, people with Asperger’s Syndrome are visibly clumsy, have poor manipulative skills, or have repetitive mannerisms, such as frequently twisting their fingers. The most important deficits concern eye coordination.
Another common symptom of this condition isinability to develop relationships with their peers, depending on the level of development. There is a lack of social and emotional reciprocity, which especially affects sociality and professional life.
Finally, patients with Asperger’s Syndrome and, in general, ASD may experience ongoing anxiety, aggression, depression, and sleep and mood disturbances.
Asperger’s syndrome: therapies and treatments
Asperger’s syndrome is difficult to diagnose and sufferers must be constantly monitored by medical specialists. Indeed, it is always important to rely on qualified doctors, such as:
- psychologistwhich primarily deals with behavioral and emotional issues;
- pediatric neurologistwhich looks at the state of the brain;
- developmental pediatricianspecializing in the treatment of speech problems;
- psychiatristwho can prescribe specific medications, in cases where absolutely necessary.
Whichever medical specialist you choose to contact, he will observe the patient, especially if he is a child, in different situations, to observe how he communicates and what his behaviors are. In addition, parents will be asked specific questions: What are the symptoms and when did you first notice them? When did the child learn to speak? Do you have friends? How does he interact with others?
There are many treatments and therapies who can count on those with Asperger’s Syndrome. For example, through individual and group sessions, therapists can learn how to interact with others and express themselves appropriately.
Furthermore, the “spoken language therapy“Helps improve communication skills. During it, you will learn to:
- use a normal rise and fall pattern when speaking rather than a flat tone;
- have a two-way conversation;
- understand various social cues, such as hand gestures and eye contact.
Instead undergo a cognitive behavioral therapy (TCC) allows the patient to better control their emotions and repetitive behaviors.
All of these therapeutic treatments can be useful for many patients, but various difficulties in communication and social adaptation sometimes persist. Only 15-25% of people diagnosed with Asperger’s Syndrome experience positive outcomes both in the workplace and in the social sphere.